Electromagnetic Field Standards and Exposure Systems

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IET Digital Library

This title is available electronically through the IET Digital Library

  • Author:

  • Year: 2013

  • Format: Hardback

  • Product Code: SBEW5150

  • ISBN: 978-1-61353-177-8

  • Pagination: 216 pp.

  • Stock Status: In stock

£48.75 Member price

£75.00 Full price


Electromagnetic Field Standards and Exposure Systems addresses the need to establish measurement standards for electromagnetic fields for the conditions and accuracy of results.

This book provides a review of fundamental properties of electromagnetic fields and the simple antennas that can generate and receive such fields. The main focus of this book is dedicated to the analysis of the accuracy of measurements and field standards using a range of radiating structures.

Electromagnetic Field Standards and Exposure Systems covers the broader fields of measurements in telecommunications, radio navigation, radio astronomy, bioscience, and free ranging EM radiation and helps to develop the following measurement standards;

  • proper calibration of the measuring instrument
  • external environmental factors that affect accuracy
  • competence and training of the instrument operator

About the author

Dr. Eugeniusz Grudzinski is currently Head of the EMF Standards and Measurements Lab at the Technical University of Wroclaw. He has authored many publications in the field of EMF metrology.

Prof. Hubert Trzaska is Head of the EM Environment Protection Lab at the University of Wroclaw, devoting his research to the practical aspects of EMF metrology. He holds over 50 patents in the field of EMF measurements and standards and is the author of Electromagnetic Measurements in the Near Field, Second Edition (SciTech-IET).

Book readership

Electromagnetic Field Standards and Exposure Systems is ideal for practicing engineers in the field of antennas, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic propagation who are concerned with measurement techniques.


PDF Electromagnetic Field Standards and Exposure Systems (65 k)

Book contents

1 Introduction

2 EMF of an arbitrary structure
2.1 The near and the far field
2.2 EMF of a thin, symmetric, resonant dipole antenna
2.3 Homogeneity of EMF near a resonant dipole
2.4 EMF of a small loop antenna
2.5 Homogeneity of EMF near small loop

3 Methods of the standard EMF generation
3.1 Calibration of meters with dipole antennas
3.2 Calibration of meters with loop antennas
3.3 Calibration of meters with directional antennas
3.4 Meter calibration with the use of guided waves
3.5 Secondary standards and exposure systems

4 Accuracy analysis of EMF standards with dipole antennas
4.1 Accuracy analysis
4.2 Choice of the OATS
4.3 Measurement of the electrical parameters of the ground
4.4 Analysis of the accuracy of the SRA standard
4.5 Analysis of the accuracy of the STA method
4.6 Directional antenna calibration

5 Accuracy analysis of EMF standards with loop antennas
5.1 Accuracy analysis of the SRA standard
5.2 Accuracy analysis of an STA standard
5.3 An EMF standard with Helmholtz coils

6 Accuracy analysis of EMF standards with a segment of a transmission line
6.1 EMF in a strip line
6.2 Wave impedance of a TEM cell
6.3 Accuracy of the line accomplishment and its role in line accuracy limitation
6.4 Disturbances of the wave impedance
6.5 Line excitation measurement accuracy
6.6 Accuracy of the EMF standard with a segment of a transmission line
6.7 Homogeneity of EMF in a TEM cell
6.8 An OUT in a TEM cell

7 Accuracy analysis of the standards with horn antennas
7.1 Accuracy of determination of the power gain
7.2 Accuracy of excitation measurement
7.3 Accuracy of the standard estimation
7.4 Nonstationary EMF standard

8 Comparative analysis of the EMF standards
8.1 Double calibration method
8.2 Comparison of different type standards
8.3 International EMF standards comparison
8.4 Necessity of calibrations

9. Final comments

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