Antenna Analysis and Design using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software

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IET Digital Library

This title is available electronically through the IET Digital Library

  • Author:

  • Year: 2014

  • Format: Hardback

  • Product Code: SBEW5210

  • ISBN: 978-1-61353-205-8

  • Pagination: 256pp

  • Stock Status: In stock

£40.95 Member price

£63.00 Full price


Antenna Analysis and Design using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software provides a comprehensive tutorial, combining theory with practical applications for the analysis and design of a wide variety of antenna configurations simulated on FEKO, the leading real-world commercial software programme.

Combining the theoretical study of antennas, with a wealth of practical hands-on examples, this book addresses various antenna types. Firstly to serve as an introduction to the fundamental concepts and requirements of full-wave simulations, the most basic (including wire dipoles and loop antennas) are outlined. Following this, the more complicated and practical designs are described, such as broadband microstrip patches and high-gain reflector antennas.  

All design types will be simulated on FEKO, the leading real-world commercial software programme for electromagnetics which serves as a powerful educational tool to fully understand the radiation behaviour of antennas. FEKO provides multiple solvers that can be chosen for a fast and efficient analysis depending on the type of antenna and offers a free classroom license for universities.


  • The visualization of the antenna current distribution, radiation patterns, and other radiation characteristics that are made available through full-wave simulations
  • Utilises full-wave electromagnetic simulations for every antenna configuration that is studied in order to facilitate learning, understanding, and testing
  • The comparison between theoretical analysis and full-wave simulation results of FEKO are given for a variety of antenna types which will provide readers with a better understanding of the theory, approximations and limitations in the theoretical analysis, and solution accuracy.

Supplementary material files can be found on IET Digital Library.

FEKO (now a product of Altair) provides free Student Edition to universities which can be used to simulate the majority of antenna configurations presented in Antenna Analysis and Design using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software.
To download FEKO Student Edition, please visit the Altair University website -

About the Author

Atef Z. Elsherbeni is a leading professor and researcher and a fellow member of both the IEEE and ACES (Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society). Among his many achievements, he has co-authored 148 technical journals, 28 book chapters and contributed to over 350 professional presentations and 26 short courses.

Payam Nayeri is a Post-Doctoral Research Associate and Instructor with the Electrical Engineering Department at The University of Mississippi. His research interests include array/reflect array antennas, multi-beam antennas, optimisation methods in electromagnetics and antenna measurement techniques.

C.J Reddy is the President and Chief Technical Officer of Applied EM Inc.,specialising in design and development of innovative antenna solutions and computational electromagnetics. He also serves as the Vice President of Business Development, Electromagnetics (Americas) at Altair Engineering, Inc.. and is a senior member of both the IEEE and AMTA (Antenna Measurement Techniques Association). He is a Fellow of Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES).

Book review

This book is a very useful resource for engineers and students who want to learn how to employ numerical techniques for the design of antennas. The already developed simulation files (free to instructors) are very handy and will save users a significant amount of time.

B. Kordi, University of Manitoba
CHOICE connect (June 2015)

Book readership

Antenna Analysis and Design using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software will be beneficial for both graduate students and practicing engineers in the field of antenna engineering.

Book contents

1 Introduction to Antennas 1
1.1 The Basics of Antennas 1
1.2 About This Book 4

2 Wire Dipole and Monopole Antennas 7
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Infinitesimal, Small, and Finite Length Dipole Antennas 8
2.3 Dipole Antenna Full-Wave Simulation 10
2.4 Monopole Antennas and Full-Wave Simulations 19
2.5 Dipole Antennas and Wireless Power Transfer 24
2.6 Dipole Antenna Above a PEC Ground Plane 24
2.7 Dipole Antenna Near a PEC Cylinder 30
2.8 Dipole Antenna Near a PEC Sphere 32
2.9 Dipole Antenna Near a Dielectric Sphere 34
2.10 Quasi Log-Periodic Dipole Antennas 36
Exercises 39

3 Wire Loop Antennas 41
3.1 Introduction 41
3.2 Small and Large Loop Antennas 41
3.3 Circular Loop Antennas 43
3.4 Square Loop Antennas 53
3.5 Triangular Loop Antennas 60
3.6 Loop Antennas Near a PEC Scatterer 68

4 Microstrip Patch Antennas 73
4.1 Introduction 73
4.2 Patch Antenna Design and Analysis 74
4.3 Full-Wave Simulation of Patch Antennas in FEKO 76
4.4 Circularly Polarized Patch Antennas 88

5 Microstrip-Based Feeding Networks 95
5.1 Introduction 95
5.2 Design of Microstrip Transmission Lines 95
5.3 The Quarter-Wavelength Transformer 99
5.4 T-Junction Power Dividers 101
5.5 Wilkinson Power Dividers 104
5.6 The Quadrature Hybrid 105

6 Broadband Dipole Antennas 109
6.1 Introduction 109
6.2 Cylindrical Dipole Antennas 109
6.3 Biconical Antennas 114
6.4 Folded Dipole Antennas 118

7 Traveling Wave and Broadband Antennas 127
7.1 Introduction 127
7.2 Helical Antennas 128
7.3 Yagi-Uda Antennas 137
Exercises 149

8 Frequency-Independent Antennas 153
8.1 Introduction 153
8.2 Spiral Antennas 154
8.3 Log-Periodic Antennas 160
Exercises 166

9 Horn Antennas 167
9.1 Introduction 167
9.2 Sectoral Horn Antennas 168
9.3 Pyramidal Horn Antennas 171
9.4 Conical Horn Antennas 176
9.5 A Multimode Horn Antenna: The Potter Horn 179
9.6 Corrugated Conical Horn Antenna 182
Exercises 185

10 Reflector Antennas 187
10.1 Introduction 187
10.2 Corner Reflector Antennas 187
10.3 Design and Analysis of Parabolic Reflector Antennas 191
10.4 Design and Analysis of Spherical Reflector Antennas 201
Exercises 207

11 Antenna Arrays 209
11.1 Introduction 209
11.2 Basics of Antenna Arrays 210
11.3 Two-Element Dipole Arrays 212
11.4 N-Element Uniform-Amplitude Linear Dipole Arrays 215
11.5 N-Element Linear Dipole Arrays with Nonuniform Amplitude 220
11.6 Planar Antenna Arrays 222
Exercises 228

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